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The textile industry in the popular clothing washed technical disclosure

Published on:2015/1/27 9:22:38

Keyword:Clothing, clothing, fiber, clothing, fabric, fabric, yarn, denim, cotton yarn, textiles
Introduction:China's clothing dyeing, beginning in the late seventy s, was originally jeans stone mill, rinse to take revenge.Sand washing in the eighty s, the ris...

China's clothing dyeing, beginning in the late seventy s, was originally jeans stone mill, rinse to take revenge.Sand washing in the eighty s, the rise of silk garments, cotton and T\/C clothing washed (shrinking), soft sand wash, wash, and a small amount of garment dyeing, printing and tie-dye.In the ninety s, the rise of enzyme treatment technology, widely used in wash jeans, cotton clothing super soft polishing, knitwear.In recent years and the rise of permanent press resin finishing technology, used in clothing dip, size and shape stability fabric processing method has greater improvement than ever before.Wash water industry along with the development of the clothing industry development, after many upscale clothing without clothing, dyeing and finishing has become improve clothing grade and added value of modern new technology.

Spinning, dyeing and finishing, garment textile process after processing is typically after washing water treatment, in order to achieve decontamination, preshrunk, and soft, wool, or some special visual effect, make the comprehensive performance of the garment is closer to the norm, the color is more natural.

For the present water washing industry in our country, according to the goal of wash water can be roughly divided into the following several types of wash water:

Washing shrinkage

Fabric shrinkage exceed bid, before garment wash a piece of cloth, latitude and longitude measured to shrinkage, converted to garment size, and then according to the proportion.Make samples again after washing test, and make the garment shrinkage up to the standard.This kind of ready-made clothing, after washing.And the size of the shrink after must be in agreement with the test sample.This requires [washing shrinkage] also should have a unified process.

Wash shrinkage process: put clothes in 40 ℃ warm water in the pool, soak for half an hour (midway from time to time pressure the pressure with a stick, make all soaked), remove the dehydration and drying.

Washing shrinkage requirements: after washing, clothes washing shrinkage was lowered to 3% (note: according to customer's requirement is not the same as standards).

Wash the soft

Soft clothing most requirements.Should the customer request, add softener of clothes washing shrinkage feel is adjusted.

Put clothes in 40 ℃ warm water, add 2 grams\/liter softener pool, washing time, dehydration, drying.

Wash the soft requirements: after washing, clothes washing shrinkage fell, feel slightly soft.Wash the soft general arrangement at the end of the wash water or under stric with other water washing steps at the same time.

Wash cleaning

Exported to some countries of the products, to guarantee formaldehyde-free or low formaldehyde.Now in the dyeing and finishing industry were widely adopted resin processing technology is anti-creasing preshrunk, some fabric formaldehyde, formaldehyde taste will send out in space, make originally formaldehyde-free clothes smoked with a small amount of formaldehyde.If do not pay attention to, easy to cause a default.

Wash cleaning process: 40-50 ℃ soap wash minolta CS - 1000 (washing powder 1 g\/l, soda ash, 2 g\/l), water washing, dehydration, drying.

Wash cleaning requirements: cloth without peculiar smell, formaldehyde-free.


Cotton yarn spinning, dyeing and finishing and garment production process more evolved into clothes, cloth in all kinds of processing experience through all sorts of friction, cloth cover hairiness is outstanding not neat, affect the appearance and feel.In order to improve its appearance or improve its ability to resist the ball (Pillingresistance), often can see the machining method is after enzyme washing, unhairing goals are met.

Enzyme unhairing process: wash (acidic conditions, 1 to 2 g\/L), water washing, dehydration, drying.

Unhairing requirements: cloth cover hairiness formation.Strong, the color standard.

Wash and wear (blank)

Cotton fabric clothing, such as only after general wash water treatment, in wearing apparel has wrinkled easily, affect the appearance.Of the more popular solution is to add resin in wet processing experience, to wash and wear finishing.The durable press finishing can fabrics stereotypes processing or garment wash separately in the experience.Depending on the type of resin used, the machining process also varies.

Wash and wear process: resin about 60 g\/L add catalyst washing a difference) (note: according to the requirement, dehydration (for a certain moisture content), hot cloth, dry.

Wash and wear requirements: smooth, not easy corrugate, strength, color standard.

The cowboy washing,

Application of cellulase in denim class atone organizing principle is to use the cellulose enzyme hydrolysis of cellulose, such making that stay in the amorphous cellulose bromide indigo orchid also will fall off, such making that the surface effect of denim with stone mill.Is the difference between stone mill is kao mechanical wear fine male, and the enzymatic if rely on biological catalytic hydrolysis of fiber.

Cowboy washing process: the enzyme washing (or stone), water washing and drying.

Cowboy washing requirements: reduce cloth feather, a stone mill effect (fade, flower), back to dye.

Composite wash

Combining the above several kinds of wash water method, multiple water (according to the actual effect, be able to select simultaneously).

Keyword:Clothing, clothing, fiber, clothing, fabric, fabric, yarn, denim, cotton yarn, textiles

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