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GAO Qiu Fu: The hopes and dreams in the carpet weaving

Published on:2013/6/3 16:30:51

Keyword:Rayon, cotton
Introduction:Came to Turkmenistan, found on its flag and national emblem has five flat circular patterns. Been primed informed that these two sets of style similar pattern was originally produced by the country's traditional carpets logo

 Came to Turkmenistan, found on its flag and national emblem has five flat circular patterns. Been primed informed that these two sets of style similar pattern was originally produced by the country's traditional carpets logo. The world's rich countries, a lot of carpet, but the carpet as a national symbol printed to the symbol of national sovereignty and national dignity of the national flag and national emblem, the world is only one country of Turkmenistan.

 
Turkmenistan's national flag and national emblem of this country in 1991 after gaining independence from the Soviet Union developed. The background is a green flag, the crescent moon above the same size clutch five-pointed star, top to bottom, left neatly arranged five floral carpet patterns. The majority of the population in emerging countries Islam, green and crescent represents peace and hope. Five pointed star represents the five geographical regions of this country. Complicated than the flag emblem design, the overall form of two overlapping squares octagonal pattern. Pattern is the center of three concentric circles, except for the outer circle, like a crescent flag football star sign, there are two beams of wheat and seven bolls, which means that this country rich in wheat and cotton. Inner circle is a proudly standing thoroughbred Akhal Czech gold BMW, that Turkmenistan is a national specialty thoroughbred horse symbol of confidence and pride. The circle is five colorful carpet patterns. Flag and national emblem prominently are marked with carpets, rugs are not only indicates that the country's special products, but also that occupy the minds of Turkmen carpets how important position.
 
The world's carpet was first produced in when and where, it is hardly clear. General view, from northwest China, Mongolia to Turkmenistan, Iran and Afghanistan is the world's earliest a "carpet belt." Life in this zone are mostly nomadic or semi-nomadic Turkmen people is one of the a. They originated in the person being called Wu Gusi Turkic tribes, after the absorption and assimilation many other tribes, gradually formed Turkmen nation. Populated areas of this nation more than 80 percent of the desert, BMW, shotguns and carpets are considered "nation Sambo." Archaeological discoveries confirmed early 6th century BC, the Turkmen people began to weave carpets. In Mala Kdan relics unearthed in addition to incomplete carpet fabric, but also found a variety of carpet weaving tools. At the time, including Zoroastrianism popular in Turkmenistan, including Central Asia, which is formed in the 4th century BC, the classic "Avesta", you referred to this region produces carpets. Ancient Greek historian Herodotus's writings have referred to this issue. West 9th centuries AD, after appearing in the "Arabian Nights", the 10th century Persian poet Ferdowsi's famous poem "Kings", are also mentioned several times carpets. Some scholars believe that this two books mentioned in the carpet, although mainly Persian carpets, but does not rule out the hand by the Persians or Arabs incoming Turkmen carpets. Some Turkmen medieval writers in his works on the carpet weaving has more description, as conclusive evidence of the presence Turkmen carpets. Italian traveler Marco Polo in his Travels in praise Turkmen weaving is the world's "most exquisite carpets."
 
In many regions of Turkmenistan, since ancient times, regardless of herders or farmers, are like to live are called "karaoke oy" (Turkmen "Black House") at any time to move moving yurt. Yurt blankets structures, to spread the carpet, tapestry wall hanging is sleeping blanket is blankets. Whenever things weddings, carpet is both indispensable burial goods, and is recognized as festive gifts. Thus, a variety of woolen carpet has become an integral part of the Turkmen people live stuff. In addition, Turkmen and other Central Asian nation, the long-term battle with each other, and by the Persians, Arabs, Mongols, Russians, and even as far away as southern Europe, Macedonian, Roman invasion and occupation, the various forms of carpet become an important military supplies, combat and camel saddle used saddle, and some even used as armor and shields. After the 9th century, the Turkmen people gradually converted to Islam, the carpet has become a kind of religious articles, in the mosque for paving, was used as a kneeling prayer mat. Even with a fixed housing, the Turkmen people are still commonly used in carpets, Doormats, tapestries, the need to ensure life, decorate the beauty of life. Therefore, Turkmen carpets are not live even for a moment to leave the essential thing.
 
Turkmen people have a saying: "hard sand digging with a needle, weave carpets harder." Carpet weaving has always been a woman's patents. Woven from five-year-old school girl. Start, often at home by her grandmother and mother to teach skills. But to further improve, you need to go apprentice to learn. Woven rugs need rich imagination, will integrate a variety of patterns in the heart, and then the arbitrary creation. "Spread your carpet, people will read your mind." This is the right carpet weavers relations with its vivid description. Woven rugs also requires great physical strength and patience, you need a good team spirit. Any one decent carpet, need weeks or months to weave, requires several or even dozens of individual cooperation. Therefore, both the manual woven rugs, but also mental, are two close cooperation and coordination of labor. Although there has been knitting machines now, but people still value the manual that hand-woven carpets "the most beautiful, most creative."
 
Turkmen people into more than 30 tribes, each tribe has its own different styles of rugs. Among them, the most famous carpet Bath Kiel, Saluo Er, Jie Jin, Qiao Duer, Yue Mute several. Although these rugs styles vary, but there are common basic characteristics: mainly use wool knit, camel hair, cotton, twine and silk are also widely used. In recent years the use of metal wire and synthetic fibers also increase the brightness of the carpet and three-dimensional; tightness is high, one square meter up to several one hundred thousand head, has a special heavy feeling, softness and luster; red for basic colors, both a variety of other colors. Coloring primarily use natural dyes from plants, such as from madder root red, yellow leaves front of the car, pomegranate brown. Some dyes sand from copper, iron ore and other minerals. Chemical dyes multiplied in recent years, but people still prefer natural color, not artificial color; mostly geometric pattern from a paper, polygons, cross, star and other interactive change and combination, but there are also depicting flowers, vegetation, animal's natural beauty of situation, the performance of hunting, horseback riding, dancing and other cultural traditions of the United States who humanities. Some experts said that Turkmenistan's natural beauty, social customs, the Islamic faith are woven into carpets in a block. Turkmen carpet weaving arts have become national culture is an important part.
 
Although Turkmenistan is rich carpets, but long-term is not known to outsiders. This is mainly because in the closed state of Turkmenistan long, mostly through contact with the outside world Bukhara. Bukhara is a city in western neighboring Uzbekistan, was the "Silk Road" on an important trade center. As early as the 1st century AD, Turkmen carpets to enter Europe through Bukhara, by the Roman emperor's favorite. They put these rugs called "Bukhara carpet." Until the mid-1800s, the Turkmen people worked in Vienna, Berlin and carpet exhibition organized by the Turkmen carpet to find a direct avenue into Europe. Europeans discovered that these unique characteristics, weavers beautifully simple style carpet is not originally produced in Bukhara. Since then, they will Turkmenistan called "ancient oriental carpets kingdom."
 
Turkmenistan carpets as quintessence cherish. March 1993, Turkmenistan's independence is not yet two years, the Government has decided to establish a National Carpet Museum. Museum located in the capital Ashgabat city center, from the Middle Ages to the present display are different periods of carpets, tapestries thousands of pieces. Which has a rare collection of "Dragon carpet." Rectangular piece of carpet edges are uniform geometric pattern, the central portion resembles a large faceplate. Faceplate and the border between the up and down each one was nine even cyclic queue. Turkmen, though not worship queue, but queue in its folklore is not uncommon, which is said to and from the merchants on the Silk Road from China came. Where a legend that the construction of a mosque in Ashgabat, coming from heaven a long queue. It beggars, they devour goats, sheep bones result card stuck in my throat, painful exception. Turkmen people rushed to help it remove sheep bones. Did you get it from a large number of its treasure cave of gold and silver, to help build a mosque. To thank its generous donation, people at the mosque lintel engraved two flying serpent. 1948 catastrophic earthquake, mosques destroyed, people will queue the image woven into the piece of carpet, called "rescue blanket" or "dragon blanket" to the long queue of gratitude for kindness.
 
To promote the art of carpet weaving, the Government of Turkmenistan in August 2001 to establish a "World Federation of Turkmenistan handmade carpets lovers" whose members include well-known carpet artisans, experts, collectors and dealers, international seminar held annually carpet will. Meanwhile, in the outskirts of the capital construction of Tao Erkushenka market, dedicated to showcasing and distribution of a wide range of carpets. In 2003, the Government of Turkmenistan to determine every year on the last Sunday in May for the national carpet festival, held various seminars and celebrations. Now, whenever there is a grand national celebration, whether held indoors or outdoors, the whole hall are covered with beautiful colored carpet to show the nation's honor and dignity.
 
Turkmen Turkmen carpets are functioning hearts and hands to create ingenious. An ancient legend that the first Zuwugusi Khan Turkmen left to posterity teachings are woven in the carpet pattern. A modern legend claimed that the Turkmen people's hopes and ideals are woven into the carpet. Therefore, the Turkmen people, said: "BMW is our wings, carpet is our soul."